Masonry stoves: how to make one from recycled paving slabs

Steve James & Eli Benedetti
Tuesday, 21st June 2011

Reader, Steve James, sent in this brilliant design and build for a Kachelofen, a fast-burn efficient masonry stove

Whilst building my small strawbale home in the damp, well-ventilated west coast of Scotland, I pondered the best way to heat such a small super-insulated space. Living amidst hundreds of acres of softwood plantation with an abundance of storm-felled and waste timber left lying after forest operations, wood was obviously a no-brainer. Yet anyone who has relied on a wood-burning stove, not merely kept one as a pet, soon realises they have invited a particularly demanding house guest into their lives. Their unceasing appetite sooner or later tempts even the diehard eco-warrior with guilty dreams of the effortless chainsaw! A closet Luddite myself, I was keen to see if I could provide all my heat using only a bowsaw. That would mean a stove capable of handling large unsplit logs for as little cutting and axe work as possible. I also worried that a conventional woodstove in a small highly insulated space could make it unbearably warm.

Wood stove physics

I had always been intrigued by the kachelofens and masonry stoves of Eastern Europe, with their principle of capturing waste flue heat into stone for slow release. As a fellow devotee of Tony Wrench's 'keep it simple, keep it funky' philosophy, it seemed natural to try and build my own cheap and cheerful version, reasoning that a steady background temperature such as I hoped to get from what is effectively a wood-fired storage radiator would provide the most equitable living conditions in my new home for the least impact, both to the Mother and my own aching back!

Twenty thistles (£5) produced a stack of paving slabs from the local LETS, a few tubs of fire cement and several hours playing with Lego (a fine design tool!) and I was ready to go. Sizes were determined by minimising the number of required cuts to the slabs, since this would entail the hire of a stone cutting disc, or prolonged effort with a concrete handsaw. With hindsight it would be simpler to use the slabs only for the horizontal sections of the stove and bricks or tiles for the verticals. However the cutting list (see envisioneer.net) gives every section needed if using slab throughout. And yes I know everyone says they'll crack in the heat, but so far after a year of use they haven't, and anyway small cracks are easy to fill with fire cement.

Back burners or stove oven

This design incorporates an oven, but that space could be used for a longer flue, or even a water heater. The important principle is that the stove core is self-supporting, using the fire cement only for gap sealing, NOT structural strength. In the photos below, the complete core stands mortarless, held solely by its own weight. The facing slabs make it easier to seal, as well as providing more mass and a smooth exterior for decoration.

For the metal front I first made a full-size template from corrugated cardboard, marking all the fixing points etc. before transferring the shapes to 6mm (in) mild steel plate. It incorporates adjustable ring and pin hinges to align the doors to close perfectly. With care these shapes can be cut with a small angle-grinder, or a cutting torch, then finished with files and sandpaper. The doors are each made from two pieces bolted together, sandwiching the woven fibreglass sealing gasket between them, using the cutouts from the backing plate as the inner sides for each door. Offsetting the rear vertical cut creates an overlap allowing both firebox doors to seal with a single catch. The handles are ordinary alloy room-door handles, tapped to screw onto the catch pins, the catches themselves simple fingers with ground/filed tapers to wedge against the inside of the backplate.

The firebox can take two logs up to 25cm (10in) diameter and 50cm (20in) long at a time, though I find 40cm (16in) more practical. A simple butterfly damper in the chimney is made from two discs of 2mm (1/16in) scrap steel clamped to a length of threaded rod with small u-bolts. A wingnut opposite the handle frictions the damper so it stays where you set it. The fixings used to hold the metal plate on the front and to secure the outer slabs together are 6mm (7/32in) non-expanding self-tapping multi-monti type. I drilled the slabs for these with a sharp masonry bit but without the hammer action engaged as the slabs shatter easily, especially when drilled into their edges as many of these fixings are. It is also important to drill oversize holes 8mm (1/3in) in the backplate to allow it to expand independently of the masonry.

Using the stove

In use the stove takes 3 to 4 hours to heat right through (longer if unlit for several days) but once fully warm it keeps pumping out the heat with only a gentle fire in the box, which translates into one good sized soft-wood log roughly every hour, and remains warm to the touch for up to 18 hours after the fire has died. In my home 46.5m2 (500ft2), I tend to light the fire at sundown and feed it for about six hours, which is usually enough to keep the whole house above 15ºC (59ºF) until the next evening. Hardwood logs should last even longer. As with any natural heat source, cooking is more a matter of timing than control, but fine bread and other dishes (especially stone-baked pizza!) are a delightful bonus. Providing your logs are dry, once well-lit it is also possible to leave the stove doors wide open for a blast of quick heat or to enjoy the sight of real flames – always a drawback with stoves where you usually sacrifice pleasure for economy and efficiency!

One final but very important consideration is the immense weight of such a stove. Building my own house I was able to install a specially reinforced hearth to carry this weight – approximately 450kg on a 60 x 60cm (990lbs on a 2 x 2ft footprint).

Definitely not a project for the spare upstairs bedroom! Even an existing coal hearth should be investigated for strength before installing such an additional weight. Directly on the ground is safest if you are unsure.

Retaining stove heat

The principle of this stove is simple, make the flue gases travel for as long as possible in contact with the masonry mass before reaching the chimney. This design could be improved in several ways. Heat traps could be formed both in the fire box with a rear lip and by taking the chimney from the back rather than top of the stove. As already mentioned, bricks or other modular materials: stone, tile, even concrete could be used for walls making for easier construction, and simple clay could possibly be used for sealing, or even covering and sculpting the entire stove exterior. Doors could possibly be salvaged from a broken cast iron stove and fitted into a moulded clay front, the whole stove could be hand sculpted in stone and clay, but here I was really just trying to create something simple, cheap and useful from unsightly rubbish.

Eli is the artist whose finishing so transformed this stove. It seems appropriate she should have the final word...

Well, what's to be said? Who wants to live with a pile of cement slabs slap bang in their home? It positively cried out for something nice to be done. Keeping the whole project as econ-omical as possible is nearly always a priority, but it doesn't have to preclude each and every touch of grace. I used water-based acrylic paints (avoid oil-based because of the smell). For white I used water-based undercoat. I had no idea how the colours would stand regular heating, but I expect they will darken over time.

For inspiration, let the room and the object in question talk to you. Inspiration will come. Of course, usually the owner has a few wishes, which only manifest after the artist has already developed a design, so it's best to do the design on paper first. I didn't, which means that one side is different. This design also incorporates a fine little ceramic goddess statuette.

I intended the design to speak of fire and warmth, so I chose knot-work, enlivened by a serpent motif. The pattern was transferred with chalk, or carbon-paper. I painted while the stove was heating up, and the paints dried fast enough to see quickly how layers of colours overlaid each other and how they worked, creating several new shades from basic primaries and earths. In this case, they all related to the fire-spectrum.

If you have a pattern book, you can enlarge designs with a scanner/photocopier. Feel confident – just give your imagination free play! The result will certainly improve on what you started out with!

Steve James originally trained as a church organ builder, but has also worked as a sewerman, piano tuner, antique restorer, millwright, software engineer, and owned and run an organic box scheme employing ten people. He now designs and builds low impact homes and associated services, runs a 12volt recording studio and is studying to become a practising shaman.

Eli Benedetti is an all-round artist crafter and Jill-of-all-trades, who studied at Glasgow School of Art among others. She wants to design and build gorgeous houses for people who appreciate beauty, originality and natural materials.

Trouble circulating the air from your stove? Why not try the EcoFan 800 - powered solely by the heat of the stove?

vivekdeopa |
Mon, 06/08/2018 - 05:56

https://goo.gl/1cUXr2
https://goo.gl/27Wa8J
https://goo.gl/qZb13v
https://goo.gl/whxeLc
https://goo.gl/QVDbfR
https://goo.gl/aLbfZH
https://goo.gl/AhS8Sz
https://goo.gl/qegUdf
https://goo.gl/BD5iod
https://goo.gl/5SHMm3
https://goo.gl/vtVH78
https://goo.gl/gXEQdz
https://goo.gl/dUFAKd
https://goo.gl/CkzPdi
https://goo.gl/cjNA2s
https://goo.gl/nuAE6m
https://goo.gl/YK7uHA
https://goo.gl/Sf1TPe
https://goo.gl/u1ghcn
https://goo.gl/6FfFx5
https://goo.gl/7ciFPx
https://goo.gl/ePk8mY
https://goo.gl/1Umq1b
https://goo.gl/d7MGyi
https://goo.gl/9kMVKh
https://goo.gl/hfnzVN
https://goo.gl/CmJaab
https://goo.gl/rXa71H
https://goo.gl/K1zg6t
https://goo.gl/a22Am9
https://goo.gl/tYRV7U
https://goo.gl/Y2aVUs
https://goo.gl/eqMPSx
https://goo.gl/GHyG1R
https://goo.gl/NwwUDP
https://goo.gl/q5zPgB
https://goo.gl/A6r7wJ
https://goo.gl/KGWPSi
https://goo.gl/aKCx7c
https://goo.gl/k5XLW6
https://goo.gl/ZXH8o8
https://goo.gl/jjm6Da
https://goo.gl/9w5pu9
https://goo.gl/RL2izT
https://goo.gl/ZMVC5T
https://goo.gl/2hgMHJ
https://goo.gl/ft6bGo
https://goo.gl/k9oJzD
https://goo.gl/3pkMZk
https://goo.gl/nykv5q
https://goo.gl/ci23v3
https://goo.gl/C2RHL6
https://goo.gl/dhA2be
https://goo.gl/mzdqBr
https://goo.gl/WQs4mV
https://goo.gl/p9aDcD
https://goo.gl/vdFC8g
https://goo.gl/VSQpkH
https://goo.gl/kLykpG
https://goo.gl/HDbgDR
https://goo.gl/iEmZJB
https://goo.gl/tu9BWd
https://goo.gl/tM6JJt
https://goo.gl/NpkiQc
https://goo.gl/bWnbNs
https://goo.gl/vQoCzE
https://goo.gl/rS2FJc
https://goo.gl/avJa2C
https://goo.gl/YboZBk
https://goo.gl/H37dRu
https://goo.gl/jm93wR
https://goo.gl/M2MZB2
https://goo.gl/cNXmf6
https://goo.gl/i5Rizy
https://goo.gl/CVbcaK
https://goo.gl/1BBjcL
https://goo.gl/y3g24X
https://goo.gl/JFRua5
https://goo.gl/4x2whH
https://goo.gl/aiasvh
https://goo.gl/YfajSG
https://goo.gl/XrWx67
https://goo.gl/4ykPo9
https://goo.gl/euPszr
https://goo.gl/P9XCT3
https://goo.gl/wJ8rT3
https://goo.gl/vmHLKK
https://goo.gl/oNzNKC
https://goo.gl/7PfSDy
https://goo.gl/EYSis6
https://goo.gl/83G7tX
https://goo.gl/Gzg5Mr
https://goo.gl/qSfUUT
https://goo.gl/4eeGx8
https://goo.gl/YZm8ge
https://goo.gl/nbSqKv
https://goo.gl/VGh5qH
https://goo.gl/DWqa1B
https://goo.gl/eMBr5n
https://goo.gl/eMBr5n
https://goo.gl/TgbYqC
https://goo.gl/1DBo93
https://goo.gl/tB4Siw
https://goo.gl/yru7T9
https://goo.gl/NRMYuZ
https://goo.gl/kuzdrX
https://goo.gl/o1S4ha
https://goo.gl/kkP5WH
https://goo.gl/GQ54o8
https://goo.gl/y1UaM8
https://goo.gl/ATMtfE
https://goo.gl/5jcBCa
https://goo.gl/aoP3ik
https://goo.gl/W9DGbk
https://goo.gl/buBGjU
https://goo.gl/8wjpkf
https://goo.gl/BfS23u
https://goo.gl/AvY8Hd
https://goo.gl/xthLr1
https://goo.gl/euRavx
https://goo.gl/1vMsFw
https://goo.gl/VmbJPx
https://goo.gl/H5Jp2Q
https://goo.gl/evBjf9
https://goo.gl/TFqdNq
https://goo.gl/CmvVtJ
https://goo.gl/Qd9TXZ
https://goo.gl/sy2Jq2
https://goo.gl/YoMBdk
https://goo.gl/MFEJBX
https://goo.gl/VsjcCt
https://goo.gl/aWfg5U
https://goo.gl/wPRGJN
https://goo.gl/kmdvVm
https://goo.gl/JjZafR
https://goo.gl/Msyi2h
https://goo.gl/c7uZVQ
https://goo.gl/wUSjLD
https://goo.gl/49u6re
https://goo.gl/qJTEow
https://goo.gl/ch7bXY
https://goo.gl/KzKPf7
https://goo.gl/etC8xS
https://goo.gl/wbEQW1
https://goo.gl/3gfyuB
https://goo.gl/89WCCz
https://goo.gl/8s9hjs
https://goo.gl/vJWGvT
https://goo.gl/JQqe5B
https://goo.gl/DeUEUE
https://goo.gl/drKepZ
https://goo.gl/tUfxj6
https://goo.gl/9nqU2T
https://goo.gl/gtULvH
https://goo.gl/ZTuoii
https://goo.gl/sJQu48
https://goo.gl/mbKnq3
https://goo.gl/XYbs6r
https://goo.gl/HWwXdX
https://goo.gl/8FXLyB
https://goo.gl/HMg1Rr
https://goo.gl/2Q3SXQ
https://goo.gl/QwsbR5
https://goo.gl/37fnJU
https://goo.gl/U5WpXN
https://goo.gl/2Nty4o
https://goo.gl/tu211X
https://goo.gl/pm519R
https://goo.gl/K3HTso
https://goo.gl/Yuadyq
https://goo.gl/H8nEaZ
https://goo.gl/5kXk4X
https://goo.gl/B2siVh
https://goo.gl/7rmk1t
https://goo.gl/qq1nfD
https://goo.gl/CbqrAa
https://goo.gl/VFTvcP
https://goo.gl/JcY9j8
https://goo.gl/PJLncx
https://goo.gl/qSMXWX
https://goo.gl/vAG7tW
https://goo.gl/ndAETT
https://goo.gl/LnmisP
https://goo.gl/kvmpnA
https://goo.gl/NDCTwW
https://goo.gl/Eoqpk2
https://goo.gl/RAoHzG
https://goo.gl/2CamuT
https://goo.gl/sFcwBJ
https://goo.gl/C4wxFq
https://goo.gl/vxmDjx
https://goo.gl/uLsrPp
https://goo.gl/m3JZYs
https://goo.gl/aQvZdR
https://goo.gl/kzzTdc
https://goo.gl/j8RFxA
https://goo.gl/YJjLnZ
https://goo.gl/sMTpZH
https://goo.gl/6cibyu
https://goo.gl/7pdGmh
https://goo.gl/xDWdDi
https://goo.gl/T94PtA
https://goo.gl/5fTrUY
https://goo.gl/bz8LoK
https://goo.gl/NGp3U4
https://goo.gl/5i5GS3
https://goo.gl/yzNJWK
https://goo.gl/P8uotk
https://goo.gl/rhfGzC
https://goo.gl/DpMM4P
https://goo.gl/RnFQ4U
https://goo.gl/rU9qyQ
https://goo.gl/4kLDfD
https://goo.gl/MYPoJc
https://goo.gl/Mi9f31
https://goo.gl/Dc1Mbj
https://goo.gl/TAksmL
https://goo.gl/VgnGdG
https://goo.gl/BNPn48
https://goo.gl/wkCCih
https://goo.gl/yndphJ
https://goo.gl/Wqk6ue
https://goo.gl/EUoCji
https://goo.gl/NMX77s
https://goo.gl/GxjFgr
https://goo.gl/Kj2qVS
https://goo.gl/1nnDWU
https://goo.gl/R5GkSU
https://goo.gl/MdAu4J
https://goo.gl/vyQWSF
https://goo.gl/PDNLv2
https://goo.gl/LSTb37
https://goo.gl/g8NMV7
https://goo.gl/7Za3WA
https://goo.gl/r4AGYt
https://goo.gl/VFh8gZ
https://goo.gl/ebyzsA
https://goo.gl/tpbxYH
https://goo.gl/YxBYSg
https://goo.gl/d7tz7V
https://goo.gl/7iGf8t
https://goo.gl/248Vcc
https://goo.gl/82bhhe
https://goo.gl/NyoiDG
https://goo.gl/CazvZ1
https://goo.gl/Ene84F
https://goo.gl/cQnf3L
https://goo.gl/sN8R92
https://goo.gl/9GZVzj
https://goo.gl/qbQEjt
https://goo.gl/adwVFr
https://goo.gl/1kftGe
https://goo.gl/MMNntn
https://goo.gl/WFyHfn
https://goo.gl/JeLHd1
https://goo.gl/VZKoNi
https://goo.gl/hH4vAA
https://goo.gl/FtdBF6
https://goo.gl/szGSJZ
https://goo.gl/W3XANU
https://goo.gl/r8iwWG
https://goo.gl/vjjnm5
https://goo.gl/9jeKXY
https://goo.gl/5JxE1R
https://goo.gl/kVGzW5
https://goo.gl/L7y6UF
https://goo.gl/JTxXH3
https://goo.gl/ZhPmHB
https://goo.gl/YphnG7
https://goo.gl/Bt5Rz7
https://goo.gl/oEv253
https://goo.gl/PJK1WB
https://goo.gl/bG4fdp
https://goo.gl/gZu6kA
https://goo.gl/fbXtx5
https://goo.gl/h1d8DT
https://goo.gl/Gf4Yg7
https://goo.gl/6oRKWB
https://goo.gl/N7kUjx
https://goo.gl/MBtFMZ
https://goo.gl/AQNCHJ
https://goo.gl/6UYrx3
https://goo.gl/CbQsnK
https://goo.gl/cgBVQQ
https://goo.gl/3MUzFa
https://goo.gl/8TJuxx
https://goo.gl/NfRb8e
https://goo.gl/1ow1xv
https://goo.gl/CHymGN
https://goo.gl/bvshpC
https://goo.gl/uiZost
https://goo.gl/EoHDYG
https://goo.gl/PSQ5xt
https://goo.gl/EeckEV
https://goo.gl/39NUXZ
https://goo.gl/vPEqk3
https://goo.gl/oBL67V
https://goo.gl/45VQsm
https://goo.gl/kWsSmZ
https://goo.gl/6c3EJv
https://goo.gl/FuHRrG
https://goo.gl/7pWoq2
https://goo.gl/MpYxzh
https://goo.gl/vT793X
https://goo.gl/dTqWVH
https://goo.gl/Y6BJZe
https://goo.gl/ognmcE
https://goo.gl/G38zNT
https://goo.gl/mMHrfF
https://goo.gl/KKt9Kw
https://goo.gl/ve4QHG
https://goo.gl/r396zx
https://goo.gl/15mQWP
https://goo.gl/1pxy3C
https://goo.gl/nftLfD
https://goo.gl/6D3eGa
https://goo.gl/CuXYfb
https://goo.gl/SseQHV
https://goo.gl/etU48U
https://goo.gl/cC2tB9
https://goo.gl/vFqbZu
https://goo.gl/wWz27w
https://goo.gl/3SNkag
https://goo.gl/f37y7N
https://goo.gl/QvtDnZ
https://goo.gl/nSEdfJ
https://goo.gl/a2ydCR
https://goo.gl/EUWbVg
https://goo.gl/7LuaUY
https://goo.gl/PFTfa1
https://goo.gl/bi6nEn
https://goo.gl/snvoeZ
https://goo.gl/rismzh
https://goo.gl/pv8Dq2
https://goo.gl/MvgsS6
https://goo.gl/1jUspb
https://goo.gl/2jh9U5
https://goo.gl/hcYBg6
https://goo.gl/KjM2fP
https://goo.gl/1Dq8HW
https://goo.gl/fpKt8s
https://goo.gl/LXGHhd
https://goo.gl/9ZNfLS
https://goo.gl/FDTUhm
https://goo.gl/53Ngk4
https://goo.gl/mmu6Nq
https://goo.gl/tY5skR
https://goo.gl/CxDizr
https://goo.gl/Hg5TBT
https://goo.gl/39xpGu
https://goo.gl/qvKGkW
https://goo.gl/gNST6X
https://goo.gl/buk9se
https://goo.gl/SotgiW
https://goo.gl/Arh8qJ
https://goo.gl/wYk5T9
https://goo.gl/eJtkZD
https://goo.gl/LzDcLa
https://goo.gl/UECkZb
https://goo.gl/MU4fva
https://goo.gl/u8QiCC
https://goo.gl/RLr8qD
https://goo.gl/Dp4fdw
https://goo.gl/UDp25m
https://goo.gl/1ZYtZZ
https://goo.gl/qyQQ4X
https://goo.gl/rX4mPw
https://goo.gl/Hfcqx8
https://goo.gl/jZouMm
https://goo.gl/KYxmfo
https://goo.gl/YRq2sL
https://goo.gl/mvhkcx
https://goo.gl/k6TLQj
https://goo.gl/mTxiHC
https://goo.gl/a9mteP
https://goo.gl/Nd8jtL
https://goo.gl/fqpW4u
https://goo.gl/R5EC79
https://goo.gl/u7LYKo
https://goo.gl/6nR2t8
https://goo.gl/vNgcck
https://goo.gl/vsVDge
https://goo.gl/ngk6GN
https://goo.gl/iNuu17
https://goo.gl/qjbkek
https://goo.gl/W513Ra
https://goo.gl/2hms2z
https://goo.gl/R2zqMq
https://goo.gl/FRCJAt
https://goo.gl/fm8Jyr
https://goo.gl/phgteH
https://goo.gl/9uEPqa
https://goo.gl/YpNk89
https://goo.gl/ZSTCNf
https://goo.gl/ak6Pia
https://goo.gl/BEfdpD
https://goo.gl/4qpTF6
https://goo.gl/w1jLyT
https://goo.gl/stKWKu
https://goo.gl/XQcSV5
https://goo.gl/jFNLaC
https://goo.gl/fs4a5m
https://goo.gl/WkfgMX
https://goo.gl/47oz3n
https://goo.gl/MXYiGW
https://goo.gl/x13ruU
https://goo.gl/JAVZ1b
https://goo.gl/2obXYq
https://goo.gl/oE6DzA
https://goo.gl/EsNtCk
https://goo.gl/G7ujkP
https://goo.gl/rsrqbH
https://goo.gl/6VWZXt
https://goo.gl/ozP8Xu
https://goo.gl/B9BLfB
https://goo.gl/TGmdKu
https://goo.gl/7SqzQo
https://goo.gl/aVKTxc
https://goo.gl/AFSLVL
https://goo.gl/B8Vu4o
https://goo.gl/W1dXSD
https://goo.gl/1GiUMr
https://goo.gl/m9mcgs
https://goo.gl/CfwaJ4
https://goo.gl/vKCWWG
https://goo.gl/QZKZxH
https://goo.gl/ss883p
https://goo.gl/NvW15K
https://goo.gl/pXQzmk
https://goo.gl/YyPpn9
https://goo.gl/1h6NvC
https://goo.gl/64LC47
https://goo.gl/VxQC6d
https://goo.gl/cjfcV5
https://goo.gl/bSSU6P
https://goo.gl/ztfqrZ
https://goo.gl/w8cPRz
https://goo.gl/N2b1eK
https://goo.gl/SxAwtc
https://goo.gl/6c1sv2
https://goo.gl/u6LxnD
https://goo.gl/L2pxuL
https://goo.gl/CWb27N
https://goo.gl/HKuVmN
https://goo.gl/1RcDJu
https://goo.gl/5kBYHB
https://goo.gl/MGV3Yn
https://goo.gl/6gKtwb
https://goo.gl/eccNLg
https://goo.gl/mwqLbZ
https://goo.gl/kQLRPb
https://goo.gl/h7yv7w
https://goo.gl/A4rDFa
https://goo.gl/b3NKsZ
https://goo.gl/mGzjbp
https://goo.gl/mAvYpG
https://goo.gl/3sGPyE
https://goo.gl/5Agzv4
https://goo.gl/AjUobh
https://goo.gl/knwcNU
https://goo.gl/xyZpV7
https://goo.gl/uqcxdk
https://goo.gl/e1dqEM
https://goo.gl/M9tURq
https://goo.gl/aCAsNZ
https://goo.gl/nCLvTs
https://goo.gl/vitnnU
https://goo.gl/PL31tm
https://goo.gl/gQPKeE
https://goo.gl/Vahpgp
https://goo.gl/5tWMVt
https://goo.gl/1aThBy
https://goo.gl/ammxuL
https://goo.gl/5d7SVu
https://goo.gl/f8ZHKd
https://goo.gl/QhPcFS
https://goo.gl/65JyV2
https://goo.gl/V762xr
https://goo.gl/HyfjHB
https://goo.gl/gVXcSG
https://goo.gl/ckxRKv
https://goo.gl/yd78WR
https://goo.gl/piKLUe
https://goo.gl/Vcw4mp
https://goo.gl/JUeRit
https://goo.gl/zMdW6x
https://goo.gl/BtCrCv
https://goo.gl/krLtgJ
https://goo.gl/d67oJf
https://goo.gl/HfSBQq
https://goo.gl/kW6fQy
https://goo.gl/uoDa2d
https://goo.gl/iMCUnB
https://goo.gl/2pV5FL
https://goo.gl/Wfqubb
https://goo.gl/yeEhgi
https://goo.gl/w98beK
https://goo.gl/42z24n
https://goo.gl/5jQ7SU
https://goo.gl/Hh4hmZ
https://goo.gl/ox1ms3
https://goo.gl/xcPrwG
https://goo.gl/Z1qGw6
https://goo.gl/7BD68i
https://goo.gl/unBUw9
https://goo.gl/Y7CWLS
https://goo.gl/VEKgxx
https://goo.gl/Ya582s
https://goo.gl/EuM6KK
https://goo.gl/ZLLqPz
https://goo.gl/DE67My
https://goo.gl/mtKUCZ
https://goo.gl/LB1CiJ
https://goo.gl/1mSnVi
https://goo.gl/xd1w7J
https://goo.gl/WRC4ym
https://goo.gl/UXrGhv
https://goo.gl/w9sznT
https://goo.gl/ENymLX
https://goo.gl/AY8vQS
https://goo.gl/9gAJQN
https://goo.gl/hDwGmb
https://goo.gl/FNE7Gk
https://goo.gl/FJphJk
https://goo.gl/rC3QJm
https://goo.gl/F3LFKF
https://goo.gl/kxtjhX
https://goo.gl/ZqaYRk
https://goo.gl/oYHS15
https://goo.gl/nWD3oS
https://goo.gl/xGbyrK
https://goo.gl/zx7B7f
https://goo.gl/44r6h7
https://goo.gl/f9dbU4
https://goo.gl/xPpLzS
https://goo.gl/6DFhqD
https://goo.gl/1s6S15
https://goo.gl/qRwJFe
https://goo.gl/yeQVwY
https://goo.gl/2bmfRx
https://goo.gl/534gCi
https://goo.gl/He1mWF
https://goo.gl/81fBey
https://goo.gl/eJcnMK
https://goo.gl/aLm4N9
https://goo.gl/yJN98c
https://goo.gl/YRTiX6
https://goo.gl/18ZMGg
https://goo.gl/bCne7E
https://goo.gl/9tLg2u
https://goo.gl/M3nRZr
https://goo.gl/6TvTt7
https://goo.gl/K28g8n
https://goo.gl/ELzuTh
https://goo.gl/15r1rR
https://goo.gl/thbHZk
https://goo.gl/D2Gth7
https://goo.gl/sbP3qH
https://goo.gl/aDWWnp
https://goo.gl/wq9EKb
https://goo.gl/FBcmWw
https://goo.gl/tYgPDs
https://goo.gl/LMXpmL
https://goo.gl/TnoVKA
https://goo.gl/6WmxXi
https://goo.gl/NYpNxW
https://goo.gl/j9FVvX
https://goo.gl/jfGQQs
https://goo.gl/E4WSt1
https://goo.gl/7P5ekp
https://goo.gl/dgB7Dp
https://goo.gl/9s78JK
https://goo.gl/ztgHE5
https://goo.gl/84NYN6
https://goo.gl/ZNnNgc
https://goo.gl/SLfgGG
https://goo.gl/nGnhGY
https://goo.gl/NnQaaU
https://goo.gl/HiXyrT
https://goo.gl/FVvzLS
https://goo.gl/r9D2sr
https://goo.gl/BDk2B7
https://goo.gl/xcexky
https://goo.gl/N9Pc8S
https://goo.gl/HvV4uB
https://goo.gl/ectVQg
https://goo.gl/teG7wL
https://goo.gl/6BjMST
https://goo.gl/SfhYyG
https://goo.gl/V1NFKd
https://goo.gl/48YxBt
https://goo.gl/JhXzWL
https://goo.gl/xGXeZU
https://goo.gl/aa5H1j
https://goo.gl/inED71
https://goo.gl/78MAEa
https://goo.gl/yaAL21
https://goo.gl/gxCfGg
https://goo.gl/hd6k5f
https://goo.gl/AG6FMw
https://goo.gl/wkWcQ4
https://goo.gl/ABqyb1
https://goo.gl/bEWAqo
https://goo.gl/1K2Wrx
https://goo.gl/8yRX3L
https://goo.gl/mW22P6
https://goo.gl/6K7auL
https://goo.gl/1diBy7
https://goo.gl/yRxVFn
https://goo.gl/v1gB29
https://goo.gl/fHPZim
https://goo.gl/PrmBML
https://goo.gl/N1BqK1
https://goo.gl/a6jyxM
https://goo.gl/LEWVJ5
https://goo.gl/wxz6GW
https://goo.gl/8JHrRM
https://goo.gl/8ooTL2
https://goo.gl/Sg6kE7
https://goo.gl/SQkndP
https://goo.gl/wEXNJj
https://goo.gl/kRvXWg
https://goo.gl/MQd1yK
https://goo.gl/KDJ8kZ
https://goo.gl/g8ChcL
https://goo.gl/y21Qki
https://goo.gl/u7yhek
https://goo.gl/BeHMBp
https://goo.gl/dfYpwY
https://goo.gl/YPtyYf
https://goo.gl/fpAiVa
https://goo.gl/Z7LecA
https://goo.gl/AxYRgj
https://goo.gl/xxkc1K
https://goo.gl/rz8atg
https://goo.gl/QNEfhk
https://goo.gl/hrdppJ
https://goo.gl/b46aGS
https://goo.gl/Edg3NQ
https://goo.gl/cW4GWo
https://goo.gl/BQZcMq
https://goo.gl/RjFuTs
https://goo.gl/ZS7gdw
https://goo.gl/LtHLpr
https://goo.gl/GAksrJ
https://goo.gl/uJ1FD7
https://goo.gl/E3ngUk
https://goo.gl/LZY4En
https://goo.gl/L3kwnp
https://goo.gl/LU5Xvo
https://goo.gl/3dsx56
https://goo.gl/NExsLU
https://goo.gl/tCqkk4
https://goo.gl/iX7goj
https://goo.gl/izQDN9
https://goo.gl/mzgcN4
https://goo.gl/kApzYN
https://goo.gl/UeUVMM
https://goo.gl/HRaEGY
https://goo.gl/mYCcV4
https://goo.gl/xLPpwa
https://goo.gl/DuMx67
https://goo.gl/5XThKb
https://goo.gl/aYLz3W
https://goo.gl/aYLz3W
https://goo.gl/pUdCJb
https://goo.gl/QA9N2w
https://goo.gl/f4P7nW
https://goo.gl/i6cYJv